India is a country of festivals that is why every day is celebrated as a festival here. Holi festival of India is world famous. Holi festival is the second largest festival celebrated in Hinduism. This festival is also known as Rang festival. Holi festival is famous in India as well as in many countries like Nepal, Bangladesh, USA, Australia, Canada etc. People of all classes celebrate this festival. Presently, people of other religions have started celebrating this festival with great pomp. Nature is also involved in this festival in a way. By spreading colorful flowers around, spring brings happiness.
It is a festival of sharing happiness, on this day everybody embraces each other and celebrates this festival happily. There is such power in this festival that even years old enmity turns into friendship on this day. That is why Holi is also called a festival of harmony. It is believed that the festival of Holi has been celebrated for thousands of years. The festival of Holi is celebrated as a symbol of the victory of good over evil, and it is also a symbol of fun. No matter how many people have given Holi, Holi of childhood or the euphoria of old age is always the same. A famous song is always remembered on this, 'On the day of Holi, hearts blossom, colors get mixed in colors.'
In the year 2020 the festival of Holi is celebrated in the March moth. Holi will begin in the evening of Monday, 9 March and ends in the evening of Tuesday, 10 March. According to Hindu calendar, it is customary to celebrate this festival in the month of Falgun. This festival is mainly of two days. In which Holi Dahan is done on the first day, in which Holika Dahan is done by adding sticks and cow dung.
The second day of Holi is called Dhulendi. In which all people apply colorful colors to each other. On this day people in India do not see any caste. Everyone embraces each other and celebrates Holi with great pomp.
Holi festival is also mentioned in old (Purans) scriptures. This also gives us a sense of the importance and antiquity of the festival of Holi. There is a very famous legend behind celebrating this festival.
According to the old story there used to be an Asura Hiranyakashipu. Who pleased Lord Brahma by doing Tapasya for years, after which Hiranyakashipu, as a boon of Brahma Ji, could not be killed in day or in night, neither by God nor by any animal, nor by any weapon.
Hiranyakashipu considered Lord Vishnu as his biggest enemy, so he used to ask his subjects not to worship Lord Vishnu. He began to treat his subjects brutally. Some people started worshiping him under fear.
With the passage of time, a son was born to Hiranyakashipu, who was named Prahlad. Prahlad was a devotee of Lord Vishnu since childhood. Prahlad did not consider Hiranyakashipu as a god. Even after explaining a lot, he did not understand, so Hiranyakashipu took many measures to kill him, but he did not die. Hiranyakashipu's sister Holika had a boon that she could not burn any kind of fire, so she supported her brother and took Prahlad and sat in your funeral pyre.
Prahlad got nervous after seeing this and started worshiping Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu had such a blessing, Prahlad did not even get a scratch and Holika was burnt to ashes. Since then, the festival of Holi began to be celebrated.
Holika Dahan takes place just one day before Holi. In which we collect wood, grass and cow dung. Holi is worshiped by women during the evening. After this, Holika is burnt to see the auspicious time, as soon as the flames start to rise, the wood symbolizing Prahlad is removed and it is shown that good always triumphs over evil. During Holika Dahan, everyone do Parikrama and wishes for their good health and fame, as well as consumes all evil in it.
The festival of colors is celebrated the next day of Holika Dahan. On this day, children color each other and take everyone's greetings and congratulate everyone. Then the children and the elders start playing with all the neighbors and loved ones with colors. On this day people go to each other's home and apply color gulal and enjoy tasty dishes.
On the day of Holi, good was won over evil, so people get an education from this festival that no matter how big the evil is, good always wins so that they always follow the good path.
Holi is a cordial festival. In which people forget the age-old rivalry, fight, and quarrel and embrace each other that is why this festival has also been called a symbol of friendship. On this day, no one sees anything high in society. All people embrace each other and celebrate the festival of Holi. It reduces the high-pitched gap in the society, so this festival also has social significance.
The first thing is about the Holi of Braj, here is also the most famous - Lathmar Holi of Barsana. Barsana is the birthplace of Radha. On this day, the stick is in the hands of the women and the men (gopas) of Nandgaon who try to hoist the flag on Radha's temple 'Ladliji' have to avoid the women. Hori is also sung during this, which is based on the conversation between Shri Krishna and Radha.
Holi festival is celebrated in Bihar for three days. On the first day, there is Holika Dahan in the night, which is also known as Samvatsar Dahan and people dance around this fire. The next day, Holi is played with ashes from it, which is called Dhulethi and the third day is of colors. Groups of women and men dance from house to house on the dole of the dole. Fagun means red color, hence it is also called Faguva Holi.
The example of West Bengal is given as beauty. Holi is also celebrated very beautifully here. On this day people wear saffron colored clothes and decorate them with flowers. The dance and music program runs from the morning itself. Sweet dishes are made in homes. This festival is also known as Doljatra. On this occasion, the statue of Radha-Krishna is placed in the swing and the women swing it in turn.
In Maharashtra, this festival means dancing and singing. Because all people go to meet each other on this festival and a lot of time is spent in fun. A delicious sweet dish called Puranpoli is made in Maharashtra.
This festival is also very popular in Punjab. The fair that takes place next day of Holi in Anandpur Sahib, the holy place of Sikhs, is called Hola Mohalla. The three-day-long fair showcases weapons of Sikh bravery and acts of valor.
There is a tradition of Tamasha on the occasion of Holi in Rajasthan. In this, the actors come on stage in the style of a street theater and perform their traditional skills with dance and acting. The theme of the pageant revolves around mythological stories and characters and also satirizes the social and political system through these characters.
Holi is special for the Bhil tribals living in Madhya Pradesh. This Bhil Holi is called Bhagoria. Adults are allowed to choose their favorite spouse on this day. The way the Bhils celebrate Holi is unique. On this day, they worship mango leaves, butea frondosa flowers and wheat earrings and pray for the beginning of a new life.
On the occasion of Holi, groups of cool young men dance and sing on the streets of Gujarat. Curd peas are planted in the streets at high altitudes and the youth are motivated to reach here. It is inspired by the breaking of the mat of Lord Krishna's gopis. In such a situation, who would not want to become a young Kanhaiya and who would not want to become Radha.
Holi lasts for a full 6 days in Manipur, called Yosang. Here, in the beginning of Holi, a hut of a weed is made by not making a holika and sets fire to it. The next day the boys play Holi with the girls, in return they have to give the girl a gift.
The colorful festivals are celebrated every year in different cities of New Zealand. On this day, children, old and young people of the city gather in a park. All do painting on their bodies or the bodies of others. During this, they also have a lot of fun among themselves. The festival is celebrated for a full 6 days.
Songkran is the festival of Thai New Year. There is a lot of fun in it. During the festival, all people gather near a pond and throw water at each other. Two to four people jump a person into the pond and plunge it. In this festival, what children and old men, women and men - all get colored in one color. Throughout the day, songs and dance are popular. The festival starts at 3 am and lasts till late evening. During this, people wish each other happy new year.
Celebrated in Japan, this festival is also famous for its uniqueness. The festival is celebrated in the months of March and April, as the cherry tree flowers during this time. People sit in the cherry orchard with their family and greet each other. Special meals and music-dance programs are organized on this day-long festival.
During this five-day festival in Peru, people roam the entire city in colorful surroundings. During this time they are in groups. Each team has a theme. These people dance to the beat of the drum and try to prove themselves better than others. In the night, everyone gathers in front of Cusco palace and wishes each other a happy birthday.
During this festival in Papua New Guinea, people gather at the foothills of Mount Hagen and perform traditional tribal dances. They do traditional decorations on birds on their bodies and so on. Fun feasts are held at the festival of fun and joy.
In March-April, the festival of throwing water is celebrated in China's Yunnan Province. It is one of the important festivals of Dai people. This festival is also known by the Buddha's bath. During the festival, everyone throws water at each other and congratulates each other.
In the first 10 days of July, the Tibetan bathing festival is celebrated. This festival is known as Gamariji. Tibetans believe that during this period, the river or pond water is sweet, cold, soft, light, clean and harmless, which is good for the throat, but not for the stomach. Tibetans place tents on the banks of the river and lake and celebrate the bath as a festival.