Pitru Paksha is an important festival in Hindu culture. This festival is celebrated for the peace of the souls of the ancestors. It is celebrated for 15 days on the Krishna Paksha of Bhadrapada month. Pitru Paksha is celebrated by people to express their thankfulness to their ancestors.
In the festival of Pitru Paksha, people visit many major places to pay honor to their ancestors. During this, people remember their ancestors and follow all religious rituals with reverence. It is believed that during the Pitru Paksha, the worshiping of the ancestors brings peace to their souls.
In the year 2020, Pitru Paksha will begin on 01 September, Tuesday and its last day i.e. Pitra Visarjan will be celebrated on 17 September, Thursday 2020.
Pitru Paksha or also known as Shraadh Paksha has great importance in Hinduism. This festival, which is celebrated for 15 days in the month of Bhadra, has been celebrated in our country since ancient times because in Sanatan Dharma, ancestors are given equal respect to the gods.
Just as God helps us in our protection and crises, we are also brought up by our forefathers, so we are forever indebted to him for this life and according to beliefs, every person with dedication and gratitude is the father. Follows religious customs in favor, his ancestors show him the path to redemption and salvation.
The greatest of these three debts is the Pitra indebtedness, in Hinduism, there is a belief that the Poojas done in the Pitra Paksha bring peace to the soul of our ancestors and the one who performs it gets relief from the ancestral indebtedness. Because it is also mentioned in the Gita that the soul wanders in different Yonis until it can be reconciled with its supreme soul and during this time it gets satisfaction only by Shraadh Karma. This is the reason that people celebrate ancestral immersion for the peace of soul of their fathers.
Many special rules are followed during Pitru Paksha. Along with this, many types of special Poojas are also organized during this period. The rules of Pitra Paksha are followed very strictly by many people and meat and liquor and other non veg food is not taken by them in Pitra Paksha period. On the last day of Pitru Paksha i.e. Pitra Visarjan, people perform Shraadh Karma of their ancestors and this is the most important day of the entire Pitru Paksha.
Shraadh cannot be done at night, for this the time from noon to twelve o'clock is considered most suitable. In this Shraadh performed on the day of Pitru immersion, there is a belief that cow, dog, crow ant and deities should be fed on Pitru Paksha.
Therefore, during the Shraadh, five parts of the food are taken out to offer to the ancestors, because it is believed that the dog is the symbol of water, ant fire, crow air, cow is the symbol of the earth and the deity is the sky. We give our gratitude to the five elements by offering food to them. The act of offering these five parts is called Panch Bali.
During the Pitru Paksha, a large number of devotees gather at major pilgrimage sites like Varanasi, Gaya, Badrinath, Nasik and Rameswaram. According to religious beliefs, ancestral immersion in these places brings special fruits, especially in Gaya, lakhs of devotees come for Pitra immersion.
Pitru Paksha has been given an important place in Hinduism. According to the Puranas, before pleasing the gods, we should please the ancestors because if our ancestors are not happy, then we will not get the grace of the gods.
This festival makes us feel that our life has been given to us by our ancestors and it is our duty that we follow the rituals of Shraadh Karma according to our religion for the peace of their soul.
This ritual of Pitru Paksha and Shraadh is going on through the Vedic period. Since ancient times, people have been celebrating this festival for the peace of souls of their ancestors because they believe that without satisfying the ancestors, a person cannot get success in his life and the grace of the gods.